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فهرست مقالات

ساخت و اعتباریابی مقیاس شرم در دانشجویان دانشگاه‌های فردوسی و پیام نور مشهد

نویسنده:

علمی-پژوهشی (وزارت علوم)/ISC (18 صفحه - از 73 تا 90)

چکیده:

ﻫﺪف: ﺳﺎﺧﺖ آزﻣﻮن ﺑﺮ اﺳﺎس روﯾﮑﺮد ﺑﺮادﺷﺎو ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮم و ﺗﻼش ﺑﺮای ﯾﮑﭙﺎرﭼﻪ ﻧﻤﻮدن ﻧﻈﺮﯾﺎت ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮم و ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐﺳﺎزی آن ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ و ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ اﯾﺮاﻧﯽ روش: ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ در اﯾﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ داﻧﺸﺠﻮﯾﺎن داﻧﺸﮕﺎهﻫﺎی ﻓﺮدوﺳﯽ و ﭘﯿﺎم ﻧﻮر ﻣﺸﻬﺪ ﻣﯽﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺣﺠﻢ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ 900ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﺮای دو داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺷﺪ.در اﯾﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈﻮر ﺳﺎﺧﺖ آزﻣﻮن روشﻫﺎی ﺗﺮﮐﯿﺒﯽ، اﮐﺘﺸﺎﻓﯽ، ﻣﺘﻮاﻟﯽ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎر ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﯾﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﺎ: .ﻧﺘﺎﯾﺞ ﻧﺸﺎندﻫﻨﺪه ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎی رواﯾﯽ ﻣﺤﺘﻮاﯾﯽ، رواﯾﯽ ﺳﺎزه در اﺷﮑﺎل رواﯾﯽ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﯽ، رواﯾﯽ ﻫﻤﮕﺮا ( r=0/02,p> 0/05)، واﮔﺮا ( r=0/08,p> 0/05)( و اﻓﺘﺮاﻗﯽ ) ( r=-0/008,p> 0/05) و رواﯾﯽ ﻣﻼﮐﯽ ﭘﯿﺶﺑﯿﻦ ( r=0/55,p< 0/001)و ( r=0/52,p< 0/001) ﻣﯽﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﭘﺎﯾﺎﯾﯽ آزﻣﻮن 0/72ﻧﯿﺰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﻗﺒﻮل ﻧﺸﺎن داده ﺷﺪ. ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈﻮر ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﯾﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎ از روش ﻫﻤﺒﺴﺘﮕﯽ و ﻧﺮم اﻓﺰار ﻟﯿﺰرل ﮐﻤﮏ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ. ﻧﺘﺎﯾﺞ ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﯽ ﺣﺎﮐﯽ ازﺗﺄﯾﯿﺪ ﻃﺒﻘﻪﺑﻨﺪی ﺑﺮادﺷﺎوﺑﻪ ﺷﺮم ﻣﯽﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﭘﯿﺸﻨﻬﺎدات در دو ﺳﺮﻓﺼﻞ ﭘﮋوﻫﺸﯽ و درﻣﺎﻧﯽ ﻧﯿﺰ اراﯾﻪ ﮔﺮدﯾﺪه اﻧﺪ.

Purpose: Shame is one of the strongest human emotions and a force with both constructive and destructive aspects and it has been among the most important forces which have Shame does not allow human beings to behave in any way. If the shame is poisoned, it moves in the opposite direction of human health. The purpose of current research is to construct a test based on Bradshaw's approach. The test attempts to integrate different theories about the shame and to fit it with Iranian culture and society Method: Research population includes the students of Ferdowsi and Payam Noor universities of Mashhad. The sample size of 900 people was calculated for two universities. In this study, for the purpose of constructing a combined test, exploratory and sequential methods were used. Findings: The results indicate the content validity, construct validity in the form of factor validity, convergent validity (r=0.02, p<0.05), divergent validity (r= -0.08, p<0.05), differential validity (r= -0.008, p<0.05) and predictive criterion validity indexes (r= 0.55, p<0.001) and (r= 0.52, p<0.001). Test reliability was 0.72 which was acceptable. Correlation method and LISREL software were used to analyze the findings. the validity and reliability of the research were acceptable. The results of factor analysis approve the Bradshaw's classification of the shame. Proposals have been presented in two research and treatment headlines.

کلیدواژه ها:

اعتباریابی ،آزمون ،شرم سالم ،شرم ناسالم

Healthy shame ،Unhealthy shame ،Test ،Validation


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