The Mediating Role of Emotional Intelligence in Coping Strategies and Test Anxiety in Students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran in 2013 - 2014 مقاله
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Decembber 2017, Volume 11 - Number 4 علمی-پژوهشی (وزارت بهداشت)/ISC (12 صفحه - از 97 تا 108)
Background: Test anxiety is one of the most common and important problems of students in their educational course which affects performance, well-being, and success of students adversely. The prevalence of test anxiety in the students of the University of Medical Sciences is more than in other students. It‘s maybe due to their hard educational condition. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the mediating role of emotional intelligence in coping strategies and test anxiety in university students. Methods: The present study is a correlational descriptive study. Statistical population was all of the students in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran, 2013-2014. Among them, 196 ones were selected by convenience sampling. In this study, participants were assessed by Sarason Test Anxiety Inventory, Lazarus and Folkman coping strategies, and Schutte et al’s emotional intelligence. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation tests and path analysis. Results: The results showed that there was a relationship between coping strategies (problem-focused and emotion-focused) and emotional intelligence with test anxiety (P < 0.01). Emotional intelligence has a mediator role between problem-focused coping strategies and test anxiety (P < 0.01). Conclusions: According to the results, it can be concluded that students who use problem-focused coping strategies have more emotional intelligence and with increasing emotional intelligence, test anxiety reduces significantly. So in order to reduce the test anxiety, the important role of emotional intelligence should beکلیدواژه ها:
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